First Aid Information

Rescue Breathing
If a person
has become
unconscious
Call
911
for help

If victim appears to be unconscious, tap victim on the shoulder and shout, "Are you okay?" .



 
Position victim's head:
  • Apply the major force with the hand on forehead.
  • Place fingertips under the bony part of the jaw.
  • Support and lift the jaw with your fingertips. Avoid closing the mouth.
  • Do not push the soft tissues of the throat; it may block airway. If necessary, pull the lower lip down slightly with your thumb to keep the mouth open.
     

 
Look, listen & feel for breathing for 3 to 5 seconds.
 
   
If the person is not breathing:
  • Pinch nose closed.
  • Place your mouth tightly around victim's mouth and blow into his/her mouth.
  • Give it two full breaths. Stop blowing when victim's chest has expanded.
  • Turn head and listen for exhalation.
  • Give 1 breath every 5 seconds.
     
For infants and small children:
  • Tilt head slightly.
  • Cover and seal mouth and nose with your mouth.
  • Blow shallow breaths.
  • Give 1 breath every 3 seconds.
     
First Aid for Choking Adult &Child*


Conscious Choking

  • Check the scene and victim.
    Ask: Are you choking? and Can you talk? Identify yourself. Ask if you can help.
   
  • If victim cannot breathe, cough or speak, call 911.
   
  • Give abdominal thrusts.
    Stand behind the victim. Place the thumb side of your fist just above the belly button. Grab your fist with other hand. Press into stomach with a quick upward thrust. Repeat until object is expelled.

 


Unconscious Choking Adult

If Victim is not breathing:

  • Tilt head back and attempt to give rescue breaths.
    If air can't get in, reposition and tilt head further back then try again. See above page.
   
  • If breaths still do not go in, find hand positions on the breastbone, and give 15 chest compressions (or 5 compressions for a child).
   
  • Look into mouth. Remove foreign object if seen.

    Repeat steps: beginning with two rescue breaths until you can breathe into victim, making the chest clearly rise.

 

  * For infant procedures and first aid training, call Red Cross or American Heart Association.

 

Control Bleeding

1. Apply direct pressure and elevate... 2. If bleeding continues, apply pressure on the supply artery...

Pressure on the
brachial artery

Pressure on the
femoral artery

 

 

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